SGP306Digital Surveillance and Field Observation for Non-Experts


This course focuses on the basics of digital reconnaissance, digital forensics and offline field observation. Learn how to use online search tools, databases, social media, online communities and perform digital forensics efficiently and effectively.


Course Fee SGD 580
Course Duration 1 Day
Course Timing 9:00am - 5:00pm
Course Venue M Hotel or similar
SDF Approved Yes (CRS-N-0050957)
Skills Future Credit Yes (Up to SGD350)
Upcoming Courses

With so many digital footprint left behind in social media and online world, field observation today has been extended to virtual world in the internet. An investigation is not considered complete if it has not gather information from the internet. With many people connected on social media sites, people share more information online than before. The internet is a valuable tool for gathering information and build investigation data. Digital forensic and digital surveillance is an important tool available to organization to prevent and detect company information leakage.

Doing field observation is one of the typical audit procedures carried out by auditors. Audit observation can achieve verification of certain audit objective other procedures cannot. A variety of observation can be performed during audit process, from receiving process in warehouse and cheque preparation in finance to visiting supplier and observing the security of material in OEM factory. It is crucial that the observer pay attention to processes and surrounding, know what questions to ask and what not to ask.

This course uses real-life case studies to illustrate offline observation and online reconnaissance can provide useful information for audit and investigation. Upon completion of the course, the participants will:

  • Gain knowledge in the use of the internet for research and as an investigative tool
  • Learn how to effectively use search engines and social media to gather information
  • Access information from corporate and public record searches
  • Acquire the knowledge and skills needed to conduct an effective field observation

1. Digital reconnaissance, digital forensic and field observation

  • What info available in internet (virtual) world and the offline (real) world
  • Digital forensic and digital surveillance
  • Stealth observation and pretext observation
  • Legal aspect and privacy legislation
  • Evidence 101 – admissibility, concept of good evidence, direct or circumstantial, etc

2. Reviewing social media and online communities

  • I am your high school friend – social engineering
  • Online social media search tools (paid and free!)
  • Questionable practices

3. Using search engine effectively

  • Type of searches, Effective and advance searches
  • Public databases and authorities’ databases
  • The Dark Net – more is available
  • Anonymity, legality and privacy

4. Digital Forensic and Digital Monitoring

  • Tools available
  • Concept and capability
  • Online real time monitoring

5. Audit Field Observation

  • Type of observation/ visit
  • Preparation and pretext
  • Surveillance and safety precaution
  • Do and Don’ts
  • Anyone who would like to expand their knowledge on using internet as a resource and investigation tool
  • Internal auditor, audit manager, audit directors
  • Control and compliance officers, Risk manager,
  • Forensic auditor, Loss prevention and fraud prevention officer
  • Accounting, Finance, procurement, HR managers
  • External auditors, Regulatory agency staff

Presentation, group discussion, case study. Multimedia and template sharing

Kent Hoh

Kent Hoh

Kent Hoh is a prolific trainer in audit, fraud investigation, corporate governance, personal effectiveness, blockchain technology and big data. He has over 20 years’ experience in leading internal audit and forensic investigation functions of MNC in the region and globally. Kent Hoh has also spearheaded several roles in financial management, compliance and corporate governance of technology company. Kent has conducted numerous audit and investigation projects in Americas, Asia and Europe including Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, Hungary, Poland, Italy, Germany, USA, etc. Some of these projects involved hundreds of million dollars fraud scheme and syndicated crimes.

Kent holds a master’s degree in business Admin (MBA), Graduate Diploma in Business, Bachelor of Law (Hons), and a Bachelor of Accounting (Hons). Kent Hoh is also a Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) and Certified Internal Auditor (CIA). He possesses the qualifications of the UK Chartered Secretary and Administrator (ICSA), Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA), Certified Information System Auditor (CISA) and Certified Bitcoin Expert (CBIE).

Kent Hoh has been an active trainer for large corporations, SME and non-profit-organizations such as Institute of Internal Audit (IIA) Singapore, IIA Malaysia, Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants, Malaysia Institute of Accountants, China IIA, China Enterprise Anti-fraud Alliance, Enterprise Financial Management Association of China. Kent Hoh is also an adjunct lecturer for universities and college in Singapore, Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou, China. As an enthusiast in cryptocurrency and a bitcoin mining farm investor, Kent researched heavily into this revolutionized Blockchain technology. He teaches fundamental blockchain and cryptocurrency at various institutions in China.

Currently, Kent Hoh serves as the Vice President of Internal Audit in an SGX listed company. As a strong believer that knowledge sharing create synergy, Kent is very passionate in sharing his experience. He capitalizes his free time conducting training classes and workshops.

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